CO2 and Environment Change Evidence from Pakistan


  • Javeria Masood M.phil Economics, School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Fatima Farooq Lecturer, School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan Pakistan
  • Muhammad Saeed Department Accounting and Finance, School of business, Superior University Lahore, Pakistan



ARDL, Corbin dioxide, bounds test, Energy consumptions, ECM, environmental degradation.


A safe and healthy environment is a basic right of all living bodies but in
current era pollution is at peak. The present study applied bound test based
co-integrating technique using annual time series data from 1970-2014 for
exploring major determinants of Environmental degradation. Present
study included four determinants were energy consumption, gross
domestic products, FDI and population growth. Finding of the present
observed a significant relationship among energy consumption, GDP,
population growth and environmental degradation in short run and longrun.
However, foreign direct investment has a positive and significant
association with environmental degradation at 10% level of significance
both in short and long-run. The econometric findings suggest that
Pakistan has to sacrifice use of energy consumption, to have a safe and
healthy environment for better livings; Pakistan should adopt other way of
energy like solar energy .While foreign direct investment must be used for
pollution free machine or pollution free projects so that we can have clean
Pakistan. Government of Pakistan should care about green policy and
should spread awareness in public so that population growth should not be
a problem of environmental degradation. This research study made a
unique participation in emergent body of empirical studies on practices of
environmental awareness in Pakistan by using bounds test based cointegration




How to Cite

Javeria Masood, Fatima Farooq, & Muhammad Saeed. (2020). CO2 and Environment Change Evidence from Pakistan. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 1(2), 57-72.

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