Social Exclusion, Entrepreneurship and Public Policy Challenges for Pakistan


  • Saima Shafique Associate Professor, Department of Economics, NUML, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Abou Bakar Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar campus, Pakistan.
  • Fatima Farooq Assistant Professor, School of Economics Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Kishwar Perveen PhD Scholar, School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan



Entrepreneurship, Human Development, Public Policy


Social exclusion is manifested in inability of the masses to eradicate its causes resulting in perpetual obstruction in attaining vital facilities of life. A level of human and social progress is directly linked with enabling populous to maintain sustained level of financial depth and development. Societies with sufficient supply of entrepreneurs comfortably sustain a balanced progression of societal goals especially in current global atmosphere. With weak institutional setting and vaguely defined goals, there is a need to change the orientation of public sector in developing countries like Pakistan. The public sector entrepreneurship is essential to create enabling environment for creating entrepreneur friendly policies. It is especially important for Pakistan with CPEC connecting most poor of the regions of the country with the main stream to create policies that can reduce the impact of social exclusion of people of these regions. Urban fringe and labor skills development with efficient institutions having participatory and modern outlook (e-governance) to cater for the needs of entrepreneurs are essentially required for creating a socially vibrant and thriving population in Pakistan.


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How to Cite

Saima Shafique, Abou Bakar, Fatima Farooq, & Kishwar Perveen. (2020). Social Exclusion, Entrepreneurship and Public Policy Challenges for Pakistan. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 4(2), 219-225.

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