Dilemmas of Adolescents: Dark Triad and Relational Aggression, Moderated by Economic Status


  • Saima Riaz Lecturer, Department of Psychology, University of Gujrat, Pakistan
  • Zakia Bano Department of Psychology, University of Gujrat, Pakistan
  • Raheel Abbas Assistant Professor, School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Rizwan PhD Scholar, School of Education Sciences, Nanjing Normal University Nanjing, China




Dark triad, Machiavellianism, Narcissism, Psychopathy, Relational Aggression, Adolescents


Objective of the present study was to find out the relationship between dark triad and relational aggression among adolescents. A sample of 612 adolescent students with age range 12-19 were selected from different educational institute of Gujrat, Pakistan. Dark triad personality scale short version and the Urdu version of diverse adolescent relational aggression scale were used to measure relational aggression. The findings of the current study revealed significant predictive relation of machiavellianism with relational aggression [R2 =. 220; F (1, 607) = 171.340, p<.01], narcissism with relational aggression [R2 =.189; F (1, 607) = 141.753, p<.01] and psychopathy with relational aggression [R2 =.265; F (1, 607) = 218.635, p<.01]. Conclusion: The present study supported the predictive relationship of dark triad with relational aggression. These findings may have implication in the future intervention and prevention procedure for adolescents.


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How to Cite

Saima Riaz, Zakia Bano, Raheel Abbas, & Muhammad Rizwan. (2020). Dilemmas of Adolescents: Dark Triad and Relational Aggression, Moderated by Economic Status. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 4(2), 209-218. https://doi.org/10.26710/reads.v4i2.405