Climate Change and Emergence of Violent Conflicts

Authors

  • Quratull ain Abbas Lecturer, Government and Public Policy Department, National Defense University Islamabad, Pakistan Phd Scholar, Political Science Department, Bahaudin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Ahsan Riaz Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47067/reads.v7i2.363

Keywords:

Threat Multiplier, Temperature, Climate, States, Conflict

Abstract

Climate change, also called global warming, refers to the rise in the average surface temperature on Earth. Over the past century, earth's average temperature has risen by 1.5°F, and is projected to rise 0.5 to 8.6°F over the next hundred years.  These changes in the average temperature of the earth may lead to potentially dangerous shifts in climate and weather. Increased rainfall, decreased precipitation, augmented temperature, frequent heat waves, droughts and floods have likely to pose challenges for economic, social and geo-political security of states. Present study is an effort to understand the impacts produced by changing climate in social, economic and political spheres and its link with the emergence of violent conflicts. It further aims to investigate the relationship between National Security and Conflict however the main focus will be the domestic societies of under-developing countries. In order to address the objectives of this study, descriptive research approach has been applied. The validity of concept has been tested by qualitative analysis of the climatic variations on economic, social and geo-political spheres. The study finds out that climate change and economic stability are inextricably linked. The data of this study also suggested   that the impacts of climate change are expected to act as a ''Threat Multiplier '' as a whole and can be more disastrous for the unstable regions thus resulting in shortage of food, water and other resources. It is thus concluded that scenario may lead to increased risks of conflicts among nations for control over the natural resources though   climate change is unlikely to be a primary cause of conflict however it will remain an important factor in the emergence of conflict and it may also amplify the existing conflicts due to scarcity of resources.

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Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Abbas, Q. ain ., & Riaz , A. . (2021). Climate Change and Emergence of Violent Conflicts . Review of Economics and Development Studies, 7(2), 277-286. https://doi.org/10.47067/reads.v7i2.363