The Role of Job Stress on Employee Motivation and Performance in the Electric Power Organization of Pakistan
Keywords:Effect of Stress, Job Motivation, Job Stress, Organization, Employee
The aim of these studies that decreases the stress factors and improve the motivational level and performance of the organization. Job stress creates the role conflict, lake of feedback, unregularly, disordering, psychological and physical effect. In this study, we minimize the stress level and improve the motivational level and performance. The questioners have distributed among employee contribution the information of the seniors, graduate employee, including customer’s service and manager of a well-reputed rising organization in Pakistan. The 300 questioners distributed response of questioner was 255 the information was got through the close-ended questionnaire. The statistical test of regression, correlation, reliability were also measured. The significances are remarkable with the negative correlation between job stress and motivation and disclose that job stress prominently shortens the motivation of a specific. The consequences propose to the organization that they have maintained a very healthy cooperative and amicable atmosphere within the group for best motivation. In this study, the author was limited by a low response rate. Shortage of time which has been defined to deal this study is very limited for the collection of lots of data and this is the limitation which has to be parted with the central academic task which concluded and getting ready in confronted discussion and trials. The carelessness answerable people to answer the questioner in the proses of gathering knowledge information and data. It is the main issue in offering the requirements efforts for the investigated information. Few answerable people did not help the investigator in the time information data and knowledge collection and assembling. The consequences are remarkable with the negative correlation between job stress and motivation and disclose that job stress prominently shortens the motivation of a specific. The consequences propose to the institution that they have maintained a very healthy cooperative and amicable atmosphere within the group for best motivation. The value of this study is to disclose stress full and motivational elements for the workers in the organization. So to complete this purpose further sub-objective are maintained to find out the element that can cause job stress and elements that can motivate the workers' institution and highlight the influence of job stress and availability of motivational elements on the performance of the workers in the organization.
Aguinis, H. (2004). Regressin analysis for categorical moderators: Guilford Press.
Anderson, S. E., Coffey, B. S., &Byerly, R. T. (2002). Formal organizational initiatives and informal workplace practices: Links to work-family conflict and job-related outcomes. Journal of management, 28(6), 787-810.
Ashcraft, D.M (1992). Health in the Workplace. In Kelley, K. (Ed.), Issues, Theory, and Research in industrial / Organizational Psychology (pp.259-283). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publication B.V.
Babbie, E. (2015) The practice of social research: Cengage Learning.
Bernhardt, A., Dresser, L., & Hatton, E. (2003). The coffee pot wars: Unions and firm restructuring in the hotel industry. Low-wage America: How employers are reshaping opportunity in the workplace, 33-76.
Blakely, T. A., Collings, S. C., & Atkinson, J. (2003). Unemployment and suicide. Evidence for a causal association? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 57(8), 594-600.
Bratton, J., and Gold, J. (2007), “Human Resource Management: Theory and practice”
Burke,R.J., &Greenglass, E. (1994). A Longitudinal Study of Psychological Burnout in Teachers. Human relation, 47(3), 1-15.
Chon, K. S., & Yu, L. (2012). The international hospitality business: Management and operations. Routledge.
Comish, R., & Swindle, b. (1994), Managing stress in the workplace. National Public Accountant, 39(9), 24-28.
Cooper, C., &Dewe, P. (2008). Well-being—absenteeism, presenteeism, costs and Challenges. Occupational medicine, 58(8), 522-524.
Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches: Sage Publications.
Dyck, D. (2001). The toxic workplace. Benefits Canada, 25(3), 52.
Ekundayoi, J. A. (2014). Occupational Stress and. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, 157.
Fals, B. (2009), “Action and Knowledge: Breaking the monopoly with Participatory action-research”, intermediate Technology Publication.pp.121-125
Flick, U. (2002) “An Introduction to Qualitative Research”, Sage Publication.pp.12-15
Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (1993). How to design and evaluate research in education (Vol. 7): McGraw-Hill New York.
George, D., & Mallery, M. (2003). Using SPSS for Windows step by step: a simple guide and reference. Boston, MA: Allyn y Bacon.
Guthrie, R (2006), Teachers and Stress. Australia & New Zealand Journal of Law & Education, 11(1), 5-18.
Henry, O., & Evans, A. J. (2008). Occupational stress in organizations. Journal of Management Research, 8(3), 123-135.
Higgins, J.M. (1994), The management Challenge (2nd ed.), New York: Macmillan.
Kahn, R.L., &Byosiere, (1992). Stress in Organization. In M.D. Dunnette, & L.M. Hough, (Eds.), Handbook of Industrial and Origination Psychology (Vol.3) (pp.571-650). Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists press.
Kovach, K. A. (1987). What motivates employees? Workers and supervisors give different answers. Business Horizons, 30(5), 58-65.
Kreitner, R. (1995), Management (6t ed.), Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Kyriacou, C., & Sutcliffe, J. (1977). Teacher stress: A review. Educational Review, 29(4), 299-306.
Lazarus, R (2003), “From psychological stress to the emotions: A history of changing outlook”, Annual Review of psychology.PP.1-21
Lazarus, R. (2006), “From psychological stress to the emotions: A history of changing outlook”, Annual Review of Psychology.pp.1-21
Masi, D. A. (1986). Stress and Productivity. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 174(4), 254.
Mearns, J., & Cain, J. E. (2003). Relationship between teacher’s occupational stress and their burnout and distress: Roles of coping and negative mood regulation expectancies. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 16, 71-82.
Monique, H., Inge, h., and Ajay, B. (2010), “Qualitative Research Methods”, SAGE.pp.91
Moorhead, H. &Griffin, F. (1998).Organizational Behavior. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Mughal, S., Walsh, J., & Wilding, J. (1996). Stress and work performance: The role of trait anxiety. Personality and Individual differences, 20(6), 685-691.
Myer, D. G. (1996). Social psychology (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Naylor, J. (1999), Management, pearson Education, Financial Times/ Prentice Hall, Harlow, United Kingdom, UK.
O’Reilly III, C.A (1991), “Organizational behavior: where we’ve been, where we’re going”, Annual Review of psychology, Vol. 42 pp.427-458.
Omolara, B. E. (2008). Influence of work related stress on organizational commitment at olabisionabanjo university ago iwoyeogun state nigeria. In EABR & TLC Conference, Rothenburg, Germany, March (pp. 17-20).
Pearson,K. (2007), “On Further Methods of determining Correlation”, Dulau and Company.pp.19
Preacher, K.J., & Hayes, A.F. (2004). SPSS and SAS Procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple median modls. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36(4), 717-731.
An experimental approach, seventh edition.Publishing Ltd.
Pulak, M. (2012), “Beat that Stress”, Express Hospitality. Pp. A-1. Retrieved from:http://hospitality.financialexpress.com/20120615/life01.shtml
Ress,W. D. (1997). Managerial stress – dealing with the causes, not the symptoms, Industrial and Commercial training, 29(2), 35-40.
Ricardo, B.,Amy, K., and Rohit, L,. (2007),”Stress at Work”, The Work Foundation.pp.4-7
Robbins, S.P. (2004). Organization Behavior.11th Ed. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Rytkonen, M. H., &Strandvik, T. (2005). Stress in business relationship. The Journal of Business& Industrial Marketing, 20(1), 12-22.
Sekaran, U. (2006). Research methods for business: a skill building approach. John Viley & Sons.
Smith, G.P. (1994), Motivation, In W. Tracey (ed.), Human resources management and development handbook (2nd ed.), New York: Free Press.
Spector, P (2007). E., Allen, T. D., Poelmans, S. A., Lapierre, L. M., Cooper, C. L., Michael, O. D., ... &Brough, P.. Cross-national differences in relationship of work demand, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions with work family conflict. Personnel Psychology, 60(4), 805-835.
St-Onge, S., Morin, D., Bellehumeur, M., & Dupuis, F. (2009). Managers' motivation to evaluate subordinate performance. Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management: An International Journal, 4(3), 273-293.
Swanepoel, B et al (1998). South African Human Resource Management: Theory and Practice. South Africa: Juta& Co. Ltd.
Swan, B., Hynes, M., Miller, B., Godek, J., Child, K., Coulombe0-Quach, X.-L., & Zhou, Y. (2013). How Online Teacher Educational Backgrounds, Student Satisfaction, and Frequence of Teacher-Student Interaction Relate to Completion Rates for Two Critically Needed Courses Statewide. Paper Presented at the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education.
Swanson, V. (1998) Power, K. G., & Simpson, R. J. Occupational stress and family life: A comparison of male and female doctors. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 71(3), 237-260.
Taylor, S. (1995). Managing People at Work. London: Reed Educational and Professional
Turbabian, K. (2006), “A manual for Writers of Term Paper, Theses, and Dissertation”, The University of Chicago Press .pp. 67-69
Villanueva, D., &Djurkovic, N. (2009). Occupational stress and intention to leave among employees in small and medium enterprises. International Journal of Stress Management, 16(2), 124.