Identification of Causes of Student’ Low Academic Achievements at Higher Secondary Level: A Qualitative Study
Keywords:Social Support, Social Media, Academic, Psychological, Stress, Anxiety, Low Academic Achievement
The present qualitative study was aimed to investigate the causes of Low Academic achievements of higher secondary students. Thirty participants were individually interviewed by a semi-structured schedule interview by purposive sampling techniques. All the interviews were audio-recorded. The data was analyzed by ‘thematic analysis’ technique, results showed that lack of parental involvement and support, lack of teachers involvement and support, lack of help and support from friends, excessive and negative use of social media, lack of students involvement and interaction in class, lack of interest in English, lack of learning facilities and teaching methodology, academic stress and anxiety, examination stress and anxiety, social stress and anxiety, environmental stress and anxiety, physical stress and anxiety, and poor health issues were the reasons causing low academic achievements among students. This study is helpful for educationists, psychologists, parents, teachers, and students to identify particular causes, creating biasness in students’ academic grades. They should make efforts to eradicate the identified causes having negative effects on the academic achievements of students who are our future leaders.
Adane, L. O. (2013). Factors Affecting Low Academic Achievement of Pupils in Methodist Junior High School in Aburi ,Eastern Regin. (Master of philosophy), University of Ghana, Ghana
Agolla J E (2009) "Occupational stress among police officers": The case of Botswana policeservice, Res. J. Bus. Manage. 2 (1): 25-35.
Ahmad. M. (2016). Ilmi Principles of Education Ilmi Kitab Khana,Lahore ,Pakistan.
Almuammria,M.(2015).The impact of the environment in enhancing the academic of students.Scientific Library,Beirut p13.
Andrews, B., & Wilding, J. M. (2004). The relation of depression and anxiety to life-stress and achievement in students. British Journal of Psychology, 95(4), 509-521. doi: 10.1348/0007126042369802.
Andrade, M. S. (2006). International students in English-speaking universities: Adjustment factors. Journal of Research in International education, 5(2), 131-154.
Aremu, A. O. (2000). Academic performance 5 factor inventory. Ibadan: Stirling-
Horden Publishers. Retrieved December 8, 2017, from http://www.eurojournals.com/ejss_17_5_ 0.pdf
Cheraghian, B., Fereidooni-Moghadam, M., Baraz-Pardejani, S., &Bavarsad, N. (2008). Test anxiety and its relationship with academic performance among nursing students. Knowledge & Health, 3(3-4), 25-9.
Davison, G. C. (2008). Abnormal Psychology. Toronto, Veronica Visentin: 154.
Elliot, J. and Joyce, L.Y.C. (2005). Presentation Anxiety: A Challenge for Some Students and a Pit of Despair for Others. Available on: http://www.isana.org.au/files/20051017165939_Presentation Anxiety.pdf
Gabre, H., & Kumar, G. (2012). The effects of perceived stress and Facebook on accounting students' academic performance. Accounting and Finance Research, 1(2), 87.
Gurung. R.A.R. (2006). Health Psychology: A Cultural Approach. Belmont CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
Hussain, I. (2005). Education, employment and economic development in Pakistan. Education Reform in Pakistan: Building for the Future. 33-45.
Irfan Mushtaq & Shabana Nawaz Khan, “Factors Affecting Students’ Academic Performance”,Global Journal of Management and Business Research, Volume 12 Issue 9 Version 1.0 June 2012.
Jacob, Tamar; Gummesson, Christina; Nordmark, Eva (2012): Perceived stress and sources of stress among physiotherapy students from 3 countries. In Journal of Physical Therapy Education, 26 (3), 57–64.
Kietzmann, H. (2012). "Social media? Get serious! Understanding the functional building blocks of social media". Business Horizons 54: 241–251.
Llie G. and. Ciocoiu C. N., “Application of fishbone diagram to determine the risk of an event with multiple causes”, Management Research and Practice Vol. 2 Issu1, 2010.
Misra, R., McKean, M., West, S., & Russo, T. (2000). Academic stress of college students: Comparison of student and faculty perceptions. College Student Journal, 34(2), 236-246.
Murugesan, M. (2005) Anxiety in Public Speaking, Faculty of Communication and Modern Language, University of Northern Malaysia, 1-15.
Nicole Ellison, C. S. (2007). The benefits of Face book "Fiends;" Social Capital and College Students' Use of Online Social Network Sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication.
Olubiyi’S.(2012),social media and Nigeria Youth burden. http://bluepringng.com /2012/12/social-media-and-nigerian-youth-burdenretrieved 21/06/2017.
Ongori, H., &Agolla, J. E. (2008). Occupational stress in organizations and its effects on organizational performance. Journal of Management Research, 8(3), 123-135.
Omari, I. M. (2002). Education in Tanzania since Independence. Papers in Education
and Development No 22, 1 - 4pp.
Peter.O, (2015). Social media and academic performance of students in university of lagos. The department of educational administration, faculty of education, university of lagos, Bachelor of arts b.a(ed) degree in educational administration.
Ratelle, C. F., Larose, S., Guay, F., &Senecal, C. (2005). Perceptions of parental involvement and support as predictors of college students' persistence in a science curriculum. Journal of family psychology, 19(2), 286-293.
Sanders, A. E., & Lushington, K. (2002). Effect of perceived stress on student performance in dental school. Journal of dental education, 66(1), 75-81
Sandler, M. E. (2001). Perceived Stress and an Elaborated Structural Model of Adult Student Persistence: An Examination of Financial Aid, Financial Satisfaction, Intent to Persist and Persistence.
Schwabe, L. (2010). Learning under stress impairs memory formation. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 93(2). 183-188.
Seligman, M.W. (1996). Abnormal psychology (4th ed.). New York: W.W. Norton & CompanyInc.
Stevenson, A. & Harper, S. (2006). Workplace stress and the student learning experience, Quality Assurance in Education. 14 (2): 167-178
Sweetnam,(2002); Spielberg and Vagg (1987, 1995); Mush and Broader (1999): Elliot, McGregor and Gable (1999).
Talib, N.and M. Zia-ur-Rehman, 2012. "Academic Performance and Perceived Stress among University Students", Educational Research and Review, 7(5): 127-132.
Topper EF (2007). Stress in the library workplace, New Library World. (11/12): 561-564.
Versaevel. L. N. (2014). Canadian Post-Secondary Students. Stress and Academic Performance-A Socio-Ecological Approach.
Wilson, J. (2011). English language proficiency and academic achievement in Tanzanian secondary schools. Unpublished M.A Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam.
Yasin, M. A. S. M., &Dzulkifli, M. A. (2011). Differences in depression, anxiety and stress between low-and high-achieving students. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 6(1), 169-178.