Energy Use and Human Health Nexus in Pakistan


  • Noreen Safdar Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, The Women University Multan, Pakistan
  • Hala Asif M.Phil. scholar Department of Economics, The Women University Multan, Pakistan
  • Fatima Farooq Assistant Professor, School of Economics Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan



Energy Use, Renewable Energy, Coal Energy, Human Health, Tuberculosis


This study finds the impact of coal energy (a kind of non-renewable energy), renewable energy, Greenhouse gases, industrialization, population growth and environmental degradation and on the health of human beings, with the key emphasis on Tuberculosis incidence in Pakistan for the time span 1986 to 2017. For a deep practical insight, the study develops a system Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model. The results report that with an increase in the usage of coal energy, the incidence of Tuberculosis also increases. In addition, the results also highlight that by turning to the renewable energy (energy by sun, wind and air) the health could be improved as the renewable energy is environment friendly and it does not generate greenhouse gases and it also does not cause environmental degradation. So, renewable energy serves as helping factor to reduce the occurrence of Tuberculosis in Pakistan. Moreover, the renewable energy is serving to lessen the greenhouse gas emission and it also serves to lessen the environmental degradation in Pakistan. On the contrast, the coal energy is causing environmental degradation by increasing the amount of Greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere which in turn causes Tuberculosis in Islamic Republic of Pakistan.


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How to Cite

Safdar, N. . ., Asif , H. ., & Farooq, F. . . (2020). Energy Use and Human Health Nexus in Pakistan . Review of Economics and Development Studies, 6(3), 661-674.

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