The Problem of Institutionalization of Political Power in Pakistan: An Appraisal of the Zia Period (1977-1988)

Authors

  • Kausar Shafiq Visiting Faculty Member, Department of Political Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University (BZU), Multan, Pakistan
  • Abdul Basit Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science & IR, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Bilal Bin Liaqat Lecturer, Department of Political Science & IR, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Ali Shan Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science & IR, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47067/reads.v6i2.221

Keywords:

Zia ul Haq, Islamization, Institutionalization of Power, Politics in Pakistan

Abstract

Since its establishment in 1947, Pakistan has repeatedly been on starting point or even somewhat beyond the starting point, because of the malfunctioning or non-existence of the state institutions; on such occasions, instead of correcting or rectifying the malfunctioning, the basic infrastructure was altogether demolished while the institutions were abolished thus placing the country on a restart from zero point. Perhaps the Zero point in Islamabad indicates the psychological dimensions of the establishment that they place the country repeatedly at Zero point to start another exercise of trial and error. The military rule by General Ziaul Haq (1977-1988) provides an interesting insight of the above notion since the start of authoritative rather autocratic Islamization during the said regime turned the country back into late 1940s when the proposed Islamization under the Objectives Resolution of 1949 was criticized by the non-Muslim and neutral foreign observers alike. The instant study aims to evaluate whether the state institutions were empowered or strengthened by the Zia regime. It will also evaluate how General Zia’s arbitrary use of power affected the performance of government functionaries and public departments.

References

Hussain, Fayyaz Ahmad. (1989).The Problem of Federalism and Regional Autonomy in Pakistan. An Unpublished M. Phil Thesis, London: London School of Economics & Political Science.

Pakistan Legal Decisions. (1977).The Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Ziring, Lawrence. (1998). Pakistan in the Twentieth Century. A Political History. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Hussain, Fayyaz Ahmad. (1985 March 4) view: The Guardian London.

Hussain, Fayyaz Ahmad. (1985 August 22). view: The Daily Telegram London.

Ziring, Lawrence. (1998). Pakistan in the Twentieth Century. A Political History. Karachi: Oxford University Pres.

Rizvi, Hasan Askari. (2013).The Military and Politics in Pakistan 1947-1997. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications.

Talbot, Ian. (2014). Pakistan: A New History. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

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Published

2020-09-30

How to Cite

Shafiq, K. ., Khan, A. B., Liaqat, B. B. ., & Shah, A. S. . (2020). The Problem of Institutionalization of Political Power in Pakistan: An Appraisal of the Zia Period (1977-1988). Review of Economics and Development Studies, 6(2), 439-445. https://doi.org/10.47067/reads.v6i2.221