Impact of Managerial Self-efficacy, Improvement-oriented Employees' Voice Fearing External Threat on Performance


  • Arooj Fatima Riphah International University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Mumtaz Muhammad Khan Imperial College of Business Studies Lahore. Pakistan
  • Sher Muhammad Malik Department of Geography, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan



Managerial Self-Efficacy, Employees’ Performance


Managers’ self-efficacy, being an active area of research, is important as it encourages employees’ performance. The feedback of highly self-efficacious managers in making better decisions is important to meet the global challenges that world is facing. This study explores literature on the relationship between managerial self-efficacy and employees’ performance. We further empirically tested the hypothesis in the banking sector in Pakistan and the results supported the theoretical implications. The study can serve as a basis for further studies and is practically useful for managers for improving employee performance.




How to Cite

Arooj Fatima, Mumtaz Muhammad Khan, & Sher Muhammad Malik. (2020). Impact of Managerial Self-efficacy, Improvement-oriented Employees’ Voice Fearing External Threat on Performance. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 5(4), 781-790.