Public Policy Formulation in Pakistan during Military Regimes


  • Zeb-un-Nisa Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Ghulam Mustafa Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Arslan M.Phil. Scholar, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan



Crisis Management Practices, Efficiency Improvement And Competitiveness, Strategic Response, Pro-Activeness And Reactiveness, Price Strategy


Pakistan has faced intermittent military interventions in politics since its establishment. In altered military governments, Pakistan faced severe swipes in public policy formulation since first martial law of Ayub Khan to the last military government of General Musharraf. Military governments tried to get de-jure prestige after coming into power and designed the government structure to sponsor their interests. Under military governance, performance of judiciary, religious leaders, external players and local administration persisted in critical situation. During military regimes, transformation program was executed in the country through public policy formulation intended to bring broadminded modifications in the constitution, legal and public domains of the country. This study will observe the major policies of the military regimes in Pakistan and their impacts on social setup of the country. The core purpose of this study is to scrutinize the process of public policy formulation in Pakistan during military regimes, their effects upon the socio-political environment of Pakistan and addresses the key causes of disappointing results of these policies. The causes of armed forces interventions in politics of Pakistan will also be analyzed. The findings specifies that pitiable articulation of policies, feeble establishment, dominating behavior of military executives, poor structure of funds management, varied interests of community and that execution of public policies blemished by exploitation are noteworthy reasons to failure of public policies in the country. The study acclaims rearrangement of socio-political situations as benevolent expansions for difficulties of public policy.


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How to Cite

Zeb-un-Nisa, Ghulam Mustafa, & Muhammad Arslan. (2020). Public Policy Formulation in Pakistan during Military Regimes. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 5(4), 695-702.