Efficiency Analysis of Public and Private Sector Schools of Multan District: A Non-Parametric Approach


  • Sumaira Batool Lecturer, Department of Economics, The Women University Multan, Pakistan
  • Fatima Farooq Lecturer, School of Economics Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Imran Abbas Ph.D. student, School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Abbas Assistant Professor, Air University Multan campus




DEA, Efficiency, technical efficiency, scale efficiency, public schools, private schools


The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of public and
private sector secondary and higher secondary schools in Multan
district. We use output oriented data envelopment analysis to
measure technical and scale efficiency of a sample of 100 public
and private sector schools, using data for the year 2014. DEA is
employed to compare efficiency of both types of schools because it
is the most popular technique used to measure the relative
efficiency of non-profit organizations due to the absence of prices
or relative values of educational outputs. Moreover, it can handle
multiple inputs and outputs with great ease. As public and private
schools are working under similar environmental conditions, we
have used a single frontier, incorporating four educational inputs
and four outputs. The results of the data demonstrate that public
schools lag behind private schools in terms of CRS and VRS
technical efficiency scores and scale efficiency scores. Our study of
schools validates the dominant paradigm that private schools
outperform the state-run institutes.


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How to Cite

Sumaira Batool, Fatima Farooq, Imran Abbas, & Muhammad Abbas. (2020). Efficiency Analysis of Public and Private Sector Schools of Multan District: A Non-Parametric Approach. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 1(1), 45-56. https://doi.org/10.26710/reads.v1i1.115

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