A Comparative Analysis of Intra-party Democracy within the Major Political Parties of Pakistan, India and Bangladesh


  • Mian Muhammad Azhar Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science & International Relations, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Abdul Basit Khan Assistant Professor (OPS), Department of Political Science & International Relations, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Musawar Hussain Bukhari Associate Professor, Chairman Department of Political Science, Islamia University Bahawalpur, Pakistan




Political Party, Internal Democracy, Candidate Nomination, Intra-party Elections


In the democratic form of government, political parties play a determinative and creative role. Striving for public offices is their fundamental objective which distinguishes them from other social organizations; hence, parties utilize all channels to secure maximum parliamentary slots. In a representative and inclusive democracy, political parties perform a set of different jobs ranging from nomination of electoral candidates, managing their campaigns, transforming public sentiments and demands into public policy, citizens’ integration as well as fabricating government and civil society. Giving much importance to the political parties for the development of representative democracy, concerns have been raised about the ways in which they discharge their functions. If democracy deems not to flourish without political parties, then it is also important to assess how political parties are internally democratic in their determination and decision-making, influence and significance, proceeding and practices and distribution and dissemination of authority.  In developing states, majority of political parties are operating as family-enterprises lacking true internal democratic culture. Self- centric, dynastic and interrupted politics have plagued the democratic norms and values. By focusing upon the ways and means which the parties adopt to elect their office-bearers as well as the mechanism which they prefer to nominate electoral candidates, the instant study will investigate whether or not the mainstream political parties in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh are democratic in their functioning?


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How to Cite

Mian Muhammad Azhar, Abdul Basit Khan, & Musawar Hussain Bukhari. (2020). A Comparative Analysis of Intra-party Democracy within the Major Political Parties of Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 5(2), 355-364. https://doi.org/10.26710/reads.v5i2.607

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