Making Foreign Aid Work: Issues of Cost Effectiveness of Educational Aid in Pakistan


  • Asif Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Development, Karakoram International University, Gilgit, Pakistan
  • Tasawar Baig Assistant Professor and Head, Department of International Relations, Karakoram International University, Gilgit, Pakistan
  • Saadia Beg Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Karakoram International University, Gilgit, Pakistan
  • Hafiz Ghufran Ali Khan Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad. Pakistan



Foreign Aid, Aid Effectiveness, Poor Governance, Institutional Accountability


The quality of inclusive and accountable institutions in a donor-recipient country determines the effectiveness of foreign aid. This study examined whether the role of donor agency or the implementing agency was more helpful in the successes of two foreign-funded educational interventions in Northern Pakistan. The two interventions, each focusing on teachers’ development program and the capacity development of principals, were funded by two different international donors. The study also provided a comparison of the two international donors working styles and their strategies applied for the execution of their respective projects. The findings of the study, which were generated through qualitative methods, noted wide variations not only in the working strategies of the two donors, but also the role of the executing agency. It was noted that multiple factors determined the productivity of the two projects; one of the elements that contributed the success or failure of the two project was their design or road map. Based on the findings of this study, it was maintained that a proactive role of both the entities is crucial for the success of such interventions.  


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How to Cite

Asif Khan, Tasawar Baig, Saadia Beg, & Hafiz Ghufran Ali Khan. (2020). Making Foreign Aid Work: Issues of Cost Effectiveness of Educational Aid in Pakistan. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 5(2), 281-290.